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10 Popular Air Conditioner Types in Households

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Sometimes, things just heat get too hot, and it can actually be dangerous in some climates for people to not have access to air conditioning. Air conditioning does not have to be a super expensive investment, which is often people’s reasons for avoiding it, and there are many different options to choose from. In addition, it significantly increases a home’s comfort level in hot weather.

You should talk to a HVAC dealer to determine the most appropriate types of air conditioners to install. In general, there are ten popular air conditioner types found commonly in households:

1. Central air conditioners

This is a common addition to homes, as it helps to ensure that the entire home is cooled. Central air conditioning uses ducts and vents throughout the house to carry cool air. It is, however, one of the more expensive options, especially if the home is already built. Installing central air requires a lot of planning, and would require the assistance of professionals.

2. Window air conditioners

These units are fairly small in size, and are easy to install. The conditioner functions using a plug in, and is simply installed through an open window. These air conditioner types can be efficient, but it is often difficult to get the air to flow through the whole house. People sometimes opt for installing a second unit in the window of another room in the house to get more cool air circulating.

These air conditioning units can be quite cheap, but more expensive ones will often be more powerful and can also save on energy and have other benefits that make them worth the cost.

3. Portable air conditioners

These air conditioner types are often mounted on wheels, and run on electricity through a plug-in. They are beneficial because they can be moved to whatever room is in use. These units can also range in price from fairly cheap to more expensive.

As with almost anything, the more expensive models have more bells and whistles, more functions, and may ultimately save money in the long run. Portable conditioners are unitary, like window air conditioners, meaning that the entire unit is in one piece.

4. Wall mounted conditioners

These air conditioners are very similar to window air conditioners, except a little more permanent. They are unitary like window conditioners, but unlike the window conditioner, which can be removed in the off season, the wall mounted conditioner is a permanent fixture. Basically, a hole is cut in the wall of the home or building, and a sleeve is placed to help support the air conditioning unit, then the unit itself is installed.

5. Evaporative coolers

These air conditioner types, also known as swamp coolers, only use air and water to cool, as opposed to using refrigerant like most other conditioners. Air passing through or above water is cooled, and this is the science behind an evaporative cooler, which allows air to pass through dampened pads before being distributed through the house. They are a more eco-friendly option to home cooling, but are not effective in humid environments.

6. Ductless split air conditioners

These systems are not unitary like wall mounted, window mounted, and portable conditioners. True to the name, a split air conditioner is split into two or more parts. Although they can be good for helping to cool multiple areas of the home down without having to install ducts and vents, they can be more expensive.

7. Package terminal air conditioners

These air conditioners, also known as PTAC systems, are the units often seen in businesses, hotels, and care facilities. They are easier and less costly to install than central air, and can often double as heaters during the colder months. They are often used in a commercial setting, but can be used in a domestic setting as well.

8. Geothermal cooling

This is a newer, more eco-friendly solution to home cooling. They use a piping system that runs between the home, a heat pump, and the actual earth itself. In order to maintain a home’s temperature, these systems use the insulating properties of the underground, which remains at a fairly consistent temperature after about four feet.

9. Hybrid air conditioners

These systems are another more eco-friendly way to cool a home. These conditioners swap between using electricity and fossil fuels to function, programmed to switch between the two in order to balance cost and eco-friendliness. These systems combine efficient home cooling with lower energy bills and fewer emissions.

10. Solar powered air conditioners

Another new and environmentally friendly air conditioning option is to have solar powered air conditioning. This option can help to raise the value of a home, save on energy bills, and installing it can make homeowners eligible for incentive programs through the government.

However, these types of air conditioners can be weather dependent – if there is no sun, there is less solar energy. That being said, solar energy can still be collected on cloudy days, it is just not as much. On average, solar panels on cloudy days can collect 10 to 25 per cent of the energy they would collect on a sunny day.

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