Psychotherapy involves a lot more than just a shrink sitting down and talking to a patient. There are many techniques shrinks employ to help patients recover from their mental illness or resolve personal issues. Just as no two people can suffer from the same form of depression, there is no standard treatment for everyone.
Based on their experience, a shrink has to choose the most appropriate method of treatment for each patient. To do this, they have to understand the available types of therapy, so they can know which one, or which combination, applies to the specific case they are working.
1. Cognitive Therapy
The main theory behind this type of therapy is that our thoughts are capable of shaping how we feel, and our emotions towards life in general. Depression is often characterized by negative thoughts that end up affecting the way a person leads their life. Cognitive therapy guides the patient into identifying the patterns in their negative thoughts. This highlights the effect on their lives before turning them into positive thoughts and ideas.
This type of therapy for depression progressively improves the patient’s mood and general outlook towards life. It is important to note that this type of therapy also emphasizes the power of realistic thinking. It has been proven that people usually feel better when they think realistically.
2. Behavioural Therapy
This form of therapy seeks to identify the harmful behavioural traits of the patient and the potentially self-harming character traits. They then work to change them into healthy behaviours. Many people going through depression tend to fall into many harmful traits. These traits make the problem worse, which in turn causes the patient to sink deeper into depression.
With behavioural therapy, the psychotherapists work out a plan to change unhealthy behaviours into healthy ones. The main focus of the treatment is on the current problems and the best way to turn them. Behavioural therapy takes into account personality disorders. It is an effective way of treating such disorders.
3. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive and behavioural therapy work well as a method of dealing with depression. They also work very well as a combination treatment. The underlying principles of each type of therapy tackle the main issues surrounding depression and anxiety. Pairing them up provides conclusive results in the treatment of depression. Cognitive-behavioural therapy serves as the umbrella term for some important types of therapy for depression.
4. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioural therapy. The primary goals of dialectical behaviour therapy are to teach a patient some of the best ways of dealing with stress, regulation of one’s emotions, and improvement of relationships with other people. This type of therapy was initially intended to treat people with borderline personality disorder.
However, through the years, dialectical behaviour therapy has been used to treat patients exhibiting other conditions such as self-destructive behaviours, which include substance abuse and, or, eating disorders. It is also a standard method for treating patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
5. Psychodynamic Therapy
Psychodynamic therapy is hinged on the thought that depression may occur due to unresolved conflicts or trauma from the past, mostly from one’s childhood. If a psychotherapist assumes a patient’s depressive episodes may be due to past unresolved trauma, psychodynamic therapy would be the best line of treatment for that patient.
The primary goal of this therapy is to ensure the patient is more aware of his or her emotions. The psychotherapist can help the patients come to terms with whatever trauma they might have kept bottled up over the years. The patient learns to handle stressful and traumatic feelings and how to put them in their proper, positive perspective.
6. Interpersonal Therapy
Interpersonal therapy mainly deals with the past. It highlights a person’s social roles and interpersonal interactions. This therapy is based on the principle that interpersonal relationships and life events affect the mood of a person. The inverse is also true. It was developed to treat major depression, but it has since been adapted for many other forms of mental disorders. It is a very effective type of therapy, especially when paired with other therapy types and medication. Antidepressants are commonly used together with interpersonal therapy for people with depression and social anxiety issues.
When it comes to treating mental disorders, depression therapy has come a long way. New treatment dimensions are being discovered that would greatly help patients recover from their depressive states and restore them to full health. In spite of advances in therapies for depression, it is horrifying that depression cases are on the increase all over the world, especially among the youth.
Creating awareness for mental health illnesses has shed new light on the effects of depression and its symptoms. Many people have been rescued and treated as information and interventions on mental health become increasingly accessible.